VNREDSat-1 is Vietnam’s first remote sensing satellite providing high-resolution imagery to serve social and economic development purposes, as well as environmental protection and natural disaster monitoring.


The VNREDSat-1 programme, awarded to Airbus Defence and Space in 2010, is the result of the French and Vietnamese governments initiative in the frame of an ODA (Overseas Development Assistance) protocol signed in November 2009.

The contract between VAST (Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology) and Astrium (now Airbus Defence and Space) covered the development, manufacture and launch of an optical Earth observation satellite system.

The VNREDSat-1 system comprised an optical satellite capable of capturing images with a resolution of 2.5 metres and the associated ground control, image receiving and processing stations.


The objective was to create a space system enabling Vietnam to better monitor and study the effects of climate change, predict and take measures to prevent natural disasters, and to optimize the management of its natural resources.

The satellite was given the name VNREDSat-1 for “Vietnam Natural Resources, Environment and Disaster Monitoring Satellite”. 

More generally, this satellite allowed the country to increase its knowledge in the field of space engineering and to benefit from socio-economic development. VNREDSat-1 contributes to reinforce Vietnamese sovereignty.



As part of the VNREDSAT-1 programme, Airbus Defence and Space established a comprehensive bilateral cooperation with VAST (Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology).

This turnkey solution included an intense academic training programme for Vietnamese engineers as well as technology transfer through on-the-job training. During the project, Vietnamese engineers were trained by the Airbus Defence and Space team.

An highly agile and flexible imaging from space

The satellite is based on the AstroBus-XS platform designed and developed by Airbus Defence and Space in partnership with the CNES (French Space Agency).

The optical payload of the 150kg satellite is capable of capturing images with a resolution of 2.5 meters in panchromatic and 10 meters in multi-spectral mode. The payload benefits from the leading-edge NAOMI optical instruments designed by Airbus Defence and Space.

The satellite launch was also part of Airbus Defence and Space’s responsibility. The satellite was successfully launched on a Sun-synchronous orbit on May 7, 2013, on board of a Vega launcher.

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Related Expertise: Socio-economic Benefits

An Earth observation satellite is a precious tool dedicated to sustainability and economic growth through direct spinoffs in various fields. Geo-spatial information acquired from National Space missions provides the basis for well-informed decisions in many areas.

From a better monitoring of climate change, an improved prevention of natural disasters, a more precise governance of natural resources and an increased productivity in various sectors, a satellite has a significant positive impact on social, environmental and economic development.